It was donated by the merchant Jacques Coeur. As a result the tower was called "Le Sourde" ("the deaf") or "Le Muette" ("The silent"). Mentions légales | Politique de confidentialité | Politique des cookies | Plan du site , Scenes from the life of Joseph searching for his sons, and also barrel-makers and carpenters at work, Detail of the window of the Last Judgement; sinners punished. Questions de vocabulaire et de chronologie ». Un sentiment d’immensité qui s’accroit au fur et à mesure que l’on s’approche du cœur de ville et qui permet de saisir toute l’importance et l’attachement des habitants de la ville de Bourges à « leur » cathédrale. , Unlike most other High Gothic cathedrals, Bourges does not have a transept, but there is a porch and portal on the south side which originally was used only by the clergy. Many of the spaces between the buttresses have been filled with chapels. , Column-statue and tympanum of the south porch Sculpture of the south porch. Nearby are statues of the Duke and Jeanne of Boulogne, both remakes attributed to the sculptor Jean Cox in about 1710. Traces of paint show that the sculptures were once brightly colored. Scene from the legend of Marie the Egyptian (Bay 21 of Apse), Scene from the parable of Lazarus and the Bad Rich; stone masons at work (Apse), Nearly all of upper windows of the nave and the collateral aisle are filled with grayish grisaille glass, to provide maximum light. This buttress, besides supporting the tower, contained a stairway and the small prison operated by the Cathedral chapter. It was given an elaborate Flamboyant Gothic decoration including a profusion of ornamental pinnacles and crockets, as well as copies of 13th century statues installed in the niches. Selon les sources, son existence est donnée au 1er, au IIe, voire, dans certaines monographies de la cathédrale, au IIIe siècle de notre ère. The rebuilt front featured a group of six large lancet windows and two oculi beneath an immense rose window, surmounted by a pointed gable with a small rose blind rose window. , Lower down, A series of arches that cross the entire façade contain another collection of sculpture; sixty-four bas-reliefs depicting examples of divine intervention, taken from the Old and New Testament and the Talmud. The original mechanism from 1424 still tick-tocks in the astronomical clock, with the well-preserved clock face painted by Jean d'Orleans to symbolize the signs of the Zodiac. , The original tympanums of the north portals, on the left from the center, were destroyed when the north tower collapsed in 1506 and were redone in the 16th century, in a somewhat different style from older tympanums. overturned statues and smashed some of the bas-relief sculpture. The buttresses and arches were dcorated with pinnacles and new balustrades which may not existed before. The work then preceded toward the west, from the apse to the choir.. It was destroyed in 1506 by the collapse the neighbouring tower. , The sculpture in the tympanum of the portal on the far right facing the cathedral represents the life of the local saint and former Bishop of Bourges St Ursinus. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. The cathedral is particularly known for the great size and unity of its interior, the sculptural decoration of its portals, and the large collection of 13th century stained glass windows. One of the most lavish chapels The Chapel of St. John the Baptist, constructed between 1467-1479, in the disambulatory of the north side. They are given additional weight by heavy pinnacles. It was installed in 1517. La cathédrale Saint-Étienne de Bourges, construite entre la fin du xiie et la fin du xiiie siècle, est le siège de l'archidiocèse de Bourges (départements du Cher et de l'Indre).Sur le plan architectural, l'édifice est remarquable aussi bien par ses proportions harmonieuses, liées à l'unité de sa conception, que par la qualité de ses tympans, de ses sculptures et de ses vitraux. Portions of he old screen are displayed in the crypt. Sculpture illustrating the Day of Judgement in the tympanum over the central portal, The punishment of sinners depicted on the tympanum of the central portal, The stoning of Saint Stephen ([portal right of center), The sculpture over the central portal, by tradition, illustrates scenes from Last Judgement. En effet, on la voit de loin, de très loin ! The lower church was constructed first atop the old ramparts to level a steep slope of six meters and to serve as a foundation for the chevet and the last first traverse of the upper church. They were damaged in he Wars of Religion but restored in the 19th century. Each bay of the high walls is decorated with twin lancet windows and a small six-lobe rose window, framed in blind arches. It depicts the Archangel Gabriel informing Mary that she would be the mother of Christ.  This design, with its distinctive triangular cross section, was subsequently copied at Toledo Cathedral and in the choir at Le Mans. Longue de 120 mètres, elle est l’une des plus vastes cathédrales gothiques du Vieux Continent !Quel que soit votre emplacement dans la ville, vous apercevrez systématiquement son immense vaisseau de pierre semblant percer le ciel. The Portal of Saint Guillaume also depicts the richly ornamented spire that once adorned the cathedral. The family was forced to sell his residence and his burial rights in the chapel to another wealthy noble, Charles de L'Aubespine. The screen was badly damaged in 1562 during the Wars of Religion, and then destroyed in 1757 during the reconstruction of the choir. Karine Boulanger, « Thévenot, Coffetier, Steinheil, restaurateurs des vitraux de la cathédrale de Bourges (1845-1858) », Robert Gauchery, « Les vitraux de la chapelle d'Étampes à la Cathédrale de Bourges », dans. The exterior of the facade, called the Grand Housteau, is in the Flamboyant style, and dates to the early 16th century. À propos de la mutilation du portail de la cathédrale de Bourges (1562) », dans. Les caractéristiques architecturales de l'ensemble sont déjà présentes dans le chevet : composition pyramid… Miniature architectural scenes have images of the Biblical Magi, an Annunciation and a Visitation scene, illustrating the Biblical account of Mary. The collateral aisles are in the background. Their profuse ornamentation is reminiscent of Burgundian work. , The high windows of the apse, at the east end, form a half-circle, with two windows topped by an oculus in each bay. In the Middle Ages the choir was used exclusively by the clergy, and was separated from the nave by a decorated rood screen, or ornamental barrier. The cathedral is dedicated to Saint Stephen and is the seat of the Archbishop of Bourges. The first five small roses to the east of the facade in the inner collateral aisle depict the Old Men of the Apocalypse, some playing musical instruments, including a kind of accordion, a very early depiction of that instrument. Some of the sculpture is inscribed with the heart and letter J emblem of the family of Jacques Coeur, prominent Bourges merchants and major donors to the cathedral. L'hagiographie est assez lâche sur le cas saint Ursin. Other windows show the Passion and three of Christ's parables; the Good Samaritan, the Prodigal Son and the story of Dives and Lazarus. cathedral dimensions • total length, exterior: 125 m ... La cathédrale de Notre Dame de Paris . Site officiel de la Ville de Bourges. It collapsed on December 31, 1506. Designed by the canon and mathematician Jean Fusoris and constructed by André Cassart, the clock is housed in a belfry-shaped case painted by Jean Grangier (or Jean of Orléans). The successive pillars to the west alternate between the thicker "strong" pillars with five colonettes and "weak" pillars" with four, depending upon their position supporting the vaults overhead. Augmenter la taille du texte La cathédrale de Bourges bénéficie du plan de relance dans le cadre de ses travaux de rénovation. The tower was repaired between 1508 and 1524, and thereafter was nicknamed the Butter Tower. The roof over the north portal suffered from a fire in 1559, and was replaced by an iron roof. The cathedral was begun at about the same time as Chartres Cathedral, but the basic plan was very different. , A new organ was installed in the cathedral in 1667, portions of which still are in use. The verticality is enhanced further by the pointed roofs of the radiating chapels, the double pinnacles on each buttress, and the pinnacles around the balustrade of the roof. Visitez la cathédrale de Bourges, inscrite par l’UNESCO sur la liste du patrimoine mondial. or saints. In 1314 King Philip Le Bel offered financial assistance, the façade was strengthened and a supporting buttress was added to the south tower. Fabienne Joubert, « Les voussures déposées du portail central de la cathédrale de Bourges ». de Bourges. En 1195, l'archevêque Henri de Sully, assisté du chapitre des chanoines, prend la décision de reconstruire la cathédrale à partir du chevet, dans le nouveau style gothique. The north side, facing the city, has a similar plan. THe nave, between the west end and the choir, where ordinary worshippers were seated, occupied the majority of the interior. Érigée au XIIe siècle et inscrite au Patrimoine Mondial de l’Unesco depuis 1992, la cathédrale de Bourges arbore des dimensions résolument insolites. One of the best examples is the Announciation window, located in the Chapel of Jacques Coeur. The axial Chapel of Notre-Dame-la-Blanche, at the east end of the apse, also has a has a set of 16th century which were originally in the Sainte-Chapelle chapel of in Bourges. La vie de saint Ursin (1/3). , One of the best-known windows from this period is the Joseph window, in the ambulatory to the right of the Chapel of Saint Francis of Sales. La cathédrale gothique de Bourges a été édifiée en deux campagnes avec le chœur, de 1195 à 1214, puis la nef, de 1225 à 1255, après 10 ans d’interruption du chantier. Jean-Yves Ribault, « Un hommage de Jacques Cœur à Charles VII. , The south tower, the shorter of the two and unfinished, had insufficient foundations and was unstable from the beginning. These have now been largely scattered to different museums.. , 18th=century altar and apse at the east end, Windows of the disambulatory of the east end, The cathedral is ringed with chapels constructed over the centuries, inserted into the spaces between the buttresses on the flanks, and radiating in a half-circle around the chevet. The chevet of Bourges is different from the other High Gothic cathedrals, since the lower aisles have different elevations, and the chevet rises upwards in three steps, with the upper walls supported by six converging buttresses that leap over the lower levels. Some of the sculpture on this porch was defaced in the French Wars of Religion. The original 16th century pelican statue is kept inside the Cathedral. The choir also received new carved choir stalls and a new marble floor. Portions of the rood screen are displayed today in the crypt. The clock's bells chime on the quarter hour, and chime the first four notes of the Salve Regina on the hour. It was made by the master glassmaker Jean Lécuyer in 1532. Construction of the south tower was halted, probably out of caution, and work also stopped on the north tower. The east end, or apse, gave access to a hemicycle of five radiating chapels. Terres et mers australes françaises (2019), Pyrénées-Mont Perdu (avec l'Espagne) (1997). . The portal to the near right of the center depicts the life of Saint Stephen,the patron saint of th Cathedral, including his death by stoning. Itwas made between 1391 and 1397 and is an important work of medieval sculpture, made between 1422 and 1428 by the sculptor Jean de Cambrai. , The central portion of the west front above the portals and between the towers is known as the Grand Housteau. Other objects of interest in the lower church include pieces of sculpture the original Jubé, or Rood screen, made in Paris the 1230s, which divided the choir from the nave until the 18th century. The tympanum to the near left portal shows scenes from the life of Virgin Mary, while the far left tympanum is dedicated to Saint Guillaume of Donjon, and depicts his beheading; another scene sbows him healing a mentally ill man; the devil flees in the form of a wolf. The choir is erected above a church, wrongly referred to as the " crypt ", which had been built on the moat of the Gallo-Roman wall to gain space. Amarré au cœur de Bourges, capitale du Berry, cet immense vaisseau de pierre se distingue à près de 50 km à la ronde tel un phare dans l’horizon de la campagne berrichonne. Elle surmonte la tour, surmontée d'un pélican. C'est à cette époque que commence la cathédrale de Bourges et la grosse tour, et il en profite pour remettre en état et agrandir le rempart de la ville. The entire portal is lavishly decorated with elaborate vegetal and geometric sculpture.. , The Chapel of St. John the Baptist,mural of Christ resurrected and Mary Madeleine (1467-79), The most poignant Chapel is that of Jacques Coeur, one of the major donors to the Cathedral. In 1181-82 King Philip Augustus II authorised construction over parts old ramparts overlooking the city. The zodiac calendar was restored in 1973. The remarkable window, one of the finest works of 15th century stained glass, was made in 1453. It contains a rich assortment of murals and very fine 15th century stained glass. Classée au patrimoine mondial de l'Unesco, chef d'œuvre de l'art gothique, la cathédrale Saint-Étienne de Bourges est unique dans sa conception architecturale.Commencée en 1195 par le chevet établi sur le fossé du rempart gallo-romain, sa construction repose sur un plan sans transept. with separate arches supporting the lower and upper walls. The window depicting the Parable of Lazarus and Rich Man and Lazarus depicts stone masons, whose guild funded that window. This structure, with a double disambulatory, was finished in about 1200. The chapels along the collateral aisles also contain some remarkable 15th century windows. dernier : la Résurrection des morts, le Pèsement de la cathédrale de Bourges est un incontournable. Some contain tombs, and they generally honour specific donors of saints. To raise funds for its reconstruction, the Archbishop Guillaume de Cambrai offered dispensations to eat butter during Lent in exchange for contributions to the tower fund.  It was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1992. They date to the 19th and 20th century. A new choir screen composed of nine wrought iron grills was put in placein 1760. and a new altar of white marble was installed 1767. Each of the six-part rib vaults covers two traverses. The fleche of the cathedral, rebuilt four times, was finally removed in 1745. , South side of the cathedral and south porch, The north and south walls are lined with the flying buttresses which reach up over the lower aisles to support the upper walls. Muni de votre plan, vous parcourrez les sentiers qui longent les coulants, nom local donné aux nombreux bras d'eau qui dessine le paysage unique des Marais de Bourges ! This time King Henry II of France paid for the repairs. This plan shows the Roman cloisters prior to their destruction in 1857. The long-troubled north tower was finally finished, but its foundations were still faulty. Visite libre de la Cathédrale : ouverte de 9h00 à 17h45 tous les jours. En 1187, Philippe Auguste de Bourges envahit le Berry et poursuit sur l'Aquitaine. The next step was the building of the wooden framework for the roof, over the vaulted ceiling. Jean-Yves Ribault, « Le jubé de Bourges. The clock was restored in 1782, 1822, 1841, and completely overhauled in 1872, when the upper dial showing only the time was installed. De Lorges was preparing the blow up the cathedral when he was dissuaded by others who wanted to convert it into a Protestant church. The column statues apparently represent the Queen of Sheba and a Sibyl, while the sculpture in arches above the portals represent a Virgin and child. Only the small rose windows above them have figures, largely combinations of sainted bishops and cardinals. The original sculpture was badly damaged during the Wars of Religion; it was remade in 1838 by Théophile Caudron. Le déambulatoire de la cathédrale Saint-Étienne de Bourges et les chapelles rayonnantes possèdent une collection de 22 vitraux légendaires datant du XIII e siècle, 10 dans le déambulatoire et 12 dans les chapelles rayonnantes. The new architects made numerous modifications and additions which sometimes had a questionable historic basis. Between 1013 and 1030 a new and larger cathedral was constructed by the Bishop Gauzelin. It is located on the outer disambulatory on the north side, and was built in 1448 to contain Coeur's tomb. It was also made by Caudron. Whereas at Chartres and other High Gothic cathedrals the two collateral aisles were the same height as the nave, at Bourges the collateral aisles were of different heights, rising in steps from the outside aisle to the center. Pour la Crypte: visites guidées obligatoires, du 1er au 30 septembre : 10h15 / 11h15 / 14h30 / 15h45 / 17h // Du 1er octobre au 31 mars : 10h / 11h15 / 14h30 / 15h30 / 17h30 // Du 1er au 30 avril : 10h15 / 11h15 / 14h30 / 15h45 / 17h // Du 2 mai au 31 août : 10h / 11h15 / 14h30 / 16h / 17h30 Tour et crypte fermées Suite aux mesures annoncées par le Gouvernement, le monument sera fermé au public dès le 30 octobre et ce jusqu'à nouvel ordre. The cathedral's nave is 41 metres (135 ft) wide by 37 metres (121 ft) high; its arcade is 20 metres (66 ft) high; the inner aisle is 21.3 metres (70 ft) and the outer aisle is 8.6 metres (28 ft) high.. Le décor emblématique de la sacristie capitulaire de la cathédrale de Bourges ». In 1992, the cathedral was added to the list of the World Heritage Sites by UNESCO. Aubespine commissioned the architect François Mansart to design the tomb for the new owner. They pillaged the Cathedral treasury, , The spandrels between these niches feature an extended Genesis cycle which would originally have told the story from the beginning of Creation to God's Covenant with Noah.. Cathédrale Saint-Étienne d'Agde. It was replaced with a new instrument beginning in 1663. the buffet of the organ was made in 1665 by Bernard Perette. The tomb itself is one of the major art works in the chapel. They date to about 1506. Bourges Cathedral (French: Cathédrale Saint-Étienne de Bourges) is a Roman Catholic church located in Bourges, France. Dans les pas de Charles VII À partir de 249€ par pers. Après deux ans de travail, le plan de gestion de la cathédrale Saint-Étienne, de Bourges, a été validé mardi 26 mars.  Like the south porch, the portals of the north porch are decorated with column statues and other sculpture dating back to the Romanesque cathedral. N'ayant plus de battant, elle ne sonne plus mais possédait le timbre d'une horloge. , The central vessel of the nave has three levels; the very high arcade on the ground level; the triforium, a narrow arcade, above it; and, at the top, the upper bays, largely filled with windows. Fabienne Joubert, « Le Jubé de Bourges, remarques sur le style ». Cracks appeared in the south tower which threatened the west front. At one time it apparently served as the master builder's office; the plans of the rose window on the west pignon are etched onto the floor. It was completed in about 1200. Trouvez les Cathédrale Saint Etienne Bourges images et les photos d’actualités parfaites sur Getty Images. A document from the Bishop, Henry de Sully, indicated the total reconstruction of the cathedral in 1195. , Work on the facade continued in 1314 with the construction of a large bay, the Grand Housteau. Then work began on the five vessels, or aisles of the new nave. Over the north doorway is a round window without glass decorated with sculpture of heads of mythical beasts. A Protestant army led by Gabriel de Lorges, the Count of Montmorency, seized the city by surprise on 27 May 1562. Tomb of John, Duke of Berry in the lower church, Portions of the original Jubé, or Rood screen, of the Cathedral, Sculpture of those condemned to hell from the original rood screen (1230s). , After the 1506 tower collapse, the upper central portion of the west front, above the central portals, known as the Grand Housteau, was reconstructed in the Flamboyant Gothic style. The upper room of the buttress was used as the office of the architect, and has plans of the bays and a rose window etched on the stone floor, where they could be consulted by Cathedral builders. Following the destruction of much of the Ducal Palace and its chapel during the revolution, the tomb effigy of Duke Jean de Berry was relocated to the Cathedral's crypt, along with some stained glass panels showing standing prophets, which were designed for the chapel by André Beauneveu. Many of the stained glass windows were replaced with white grisaille glass to provide more light. The choir, the area reserved for the clergy, occupied the four traverses before the east end. The astronomical clock of Bourges Cathedral was first installed in November 1424, during the reign of Charles VII, when the royal court was based in Bourges, for the occasion of the baptism of his son the Dauphin (the future Louis XI). La cathédrale Saint-Étienne de Bourges est une cathédrale catholique construite entre la fin du XIIe et la fin du XIIIe siècle. , Radiatng chapels of the chevet of Bourges Cathedral, Cross section, showing aisles of different heights, Bourges Cathedral covers a surface of 6,200 square metres (7,400 sq yd). Like the earlier churches, it was built against the city wall, and vestiges of it can be found under the present cathedral. In 1195, with the assistance of the Chapter of canons, Archbishop Henri de Sully decides to rebuild the Cathedral, starting with the chevet, in the new Gothic style. Sexpartite vaults are used to span the nave. La Cathédrale de Bourges. There are five chapels in the apse, six lining the disambulatory, or outer aisle on the east end, six on the south side, and four on the north side. Because of the stability problems, the new front and the towers were reinforced by massive buttresses. In 1145 his son Louis VII of France presented his new wife Eleanor of Aquitaine, and she was formally crowned Queen of France in the old Gothic Cathedral in Bourges. Between 1406 and 1491, eleven new chapels were built along the flanks of the Cathedral between the buttresses. The cathedral was complete enough by 1225 able to host a large council condemning the heresy of Catharism. Its arched ceiling is supported by massive pillars and seven arcades, and a wall three meters thick pierced with lancet windows. It contains vestiges of the older Romanesque church, particularly six column-statues which date to about 1150-60, which were put in place under the porch in the 13th century as a reminder of the long history of the cathedral. The ensemble of sculpture includes the marble tomb of the Duke, with his symbolic animal, a bear chained and muzzled, at his feet. The main window presents scenes of the Assumption of the Virgin. , The choir was substantially remodelled in the 18th century to conform with new doctrines from Vatican, calling for richer Baroque decoration. It was funded by Jean de Breuil. Pieces of sculpture from that tomb are presented in the chapel. The Chapel of Notre Dame de Sales, or Chapel of the King, on the south side of the nave near the west front, features a window presenting the twelve apostles beneath elaborate architectural settings (1473-74). Pascal Mignerey, Marc Ferauge, « L'utilisation du fer dans l'architecture gothique : l'exemple de la cathédrale de Bourges ». These changes included new carved choir stalls made by René-Michel Slodtz, marble pavement in a checkerboard pattern, and a new main altar designed by Louis Vassé, formally consecrated in 1767. Billet jumelé Palais Jacques Cœur + Cathédrale de Bourges : tarif individuel 12 € (au lieu de 16 €), tarif groupes 10 € Avec le titre SNCF Intercités à destination de Bourges : tarif individuel 6,50 € (au lieu de 8 €) Gratuit pour les enseignants sur présentation du Pass éducation. La Cathédrale de Bourges, Amédée Boinet, éd. The old stained glass windows were cleaned and protected by additional layers of glass. L’association des amis de la Cathédrale de Bourges, affiliée à la FASAC, fédération des associations des amis des cathédrales, réunit toutes les associations soucieuses du rayonnement de ce monument inscrit au patrimoine Mondial de l’UNESCO, et s’est donnée pour mission de favoriser sa restauration, sa promotion et son rayonnement auprès du plus grand nombre. At the top level, the high windows with their circular oculi are fit into the peaks of the arches, adding to the sensation of uninterrupted height. It served as the base for the next portion, the chevet or east end, which was finished in about 1206. On the north side, the upper windows depict nineteen prophets in chronological order, beginning with John the Baptist on the east side of the Virgin. The original mechanism is on display in the cathedral. Il est le frère de l'évêque de Paris Eudes de Sully qui a poursuivi la construction de la cathédrale Notre-Dame de Paris commencée en 1163 par Maurice de Sully (aucun lien de parenté). Hôtels près de Cathédrale De Bourges : (0.18 Km) L'Hotel de Panette (0.15 Km) Le Pelican Chambre D'Hotes (0.15 Km) La Demeure Renaissance (0.22 Km) Coeur de Bourges (0.30 Km) Best Western Hotel D'Angleterre; Voir tous les hôtels près de Cathédrale De Bourges sur Tripadvisor Each pillar is composed of a central column, two which are attached the slender colonlettes which spread out at the top and connect to the rib vaults. The clock on the top displays the minutes and hours with great precision, with a margin of error of one second per one-hundred fifty years. The exceptional height of the Grand Housteau and its rose window announces the great height of the nave behind it.  Christianity was brought by Saint Ursinus of Bourges in about 300 A.D.; He is considered the first Bishop. Some of the sculptural decoration near its former position, portraying angel musicians and caryatides, recalls its presence. In the 19th century, the cathedral was returned to the Catholic Church, and underwent a long restoration from 1829 until 1847. Built atop an earlier Romanesque church from 1195 until 1230, it is largely in the High Gothic architectural style, and was constructed at about the same time as Chartres Cathedral. It was originally in the Sainte Chapelle of Bourges, which was destroyed during the Revolution. The original organ of the cathedral was below the rose window on the inside the west front. Irène Jourd'Heuil, Sylvie Marchant, Marie-Hélène Priet, Cathédrale de Bourges, Presses universitaires François Rabelais, Tours, 2017. Scene from window of the Passion - The Last Supper. Dans l'image de droite tirée du tympan du portail de Saint-Ursin, on voit Ursin agenouillé devant un pape portant un… Dédiée à saint Étienne, premier martyr, elle est le siège de l’archidiocèse de Bourges (départements du Cher et de l’Indre). The murals in the chapel of St. John the Baptist were restored. major work on the nave was finished by 1235, with the installation of the rood screen, which separated the choir from the nave. En Centre-Val de Loire, trois édifices devraient recevoir une partie des fonds du plan de relance. This lasted from 1140 to 1155, and required the wood from nine hundred oak trees. The central window depicts the Virgin Mary holding the Infant Saint Stephen, holding a model of the cathedral. La cathédrale Saint-Étienne, où s’est tenue vendredi 27 avril la création 2018 du Printemps de Bourges, Hallelujah, en hommage à Leonard Cohen, est un joyau d’architecture gothique. The heads and hands were smashed during the Revolution, but were restored in 19th century.. Ces derniers sont pour la plupart voués à l'exploitation agricole. The old nave was preserved for a time to allow worship until the new choir was finished in about 1214. The inner aisle has a higher vault than the outer one, while both the central nave and the inner aisle have similar three-part elevations with arcade, triforium and clerestory windows; a design which admits onsiderably more light than one finds in more conventional double-aisled buildings like Notre-Dame.
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